Preventing Childhood Violence in the Home: A Prevention Collaborative Position Paper
A core objective of the Prevention Collaborative is to address violence in families, affecting both women and children. This paper outlines the Prevention Collaborative’s analysis of the challenges and opportunities for working on VAW and VAC in the home. It is intended to guide our efforts to address violence against women and children in the family. It sets out how the Prevention Collaborative aims to work with partners to contribute to expand and improve programming to prevent both VAW and VAC, including the adaptation and scale up of promising approaches in a diversity of contexts, especially Lower and Middle Income Countries (LMICs).
The intersections between VAW and VAC
Violence against women (VAW) and violence against children (VAC) are human rights violations and global health epidemics with prolonged impacts on the well-being and safety of both individuals and communities. VAW and VAC are closely interconnected and intersect in several ways.
VAW and VAC frequently co-occur in the family and home setting. Moreover, IPV is the most common form of VAW globally, and corporal punishment and neglect by parents and caregivers are the most common forms of VAC. VAW and VAC also share multiple risk factors.
In addition, VAW and VAC are underpinned by common social norms that tolerate violence and allow for male control over women and children. Such norms condone violent discipline (wife-beating and corporal punishment of children); promote masculinities based on violence and control; legitimise the use of violence to resolve conflicts by male household heads; prioritise family reputation over help seeking; blame the victims; and support gender inequality and male authority over women.