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Nolte Lourens /

Pathways to Change to Reduce Spousal Violence Against Women and Girls

This brief demonstrates the pathways to change to reduce spousal violence and improve the response to spousal violence as a result of the SAFE intervention in the slums of Dhaka in Bangladesh.

The SAFE intervention included: interactive group sessions with men and women, the distribution of advocacy materials, recruitment of connector change makers, a community campaign, SAFE health and legal services and support from SAFE field workers.

The pathways to change were developed on the basis of qualitative data collected from  interviews and focus groups with women and girls, men and boys who participated in the intervention and wider community members.

The brief contains a pathways to change (theory of change) diagram and brief explanation of the causal pathways.


  • An integrated intervention is effective in changing gender inequitable attitudes and reducing spousal violence against women and girls.
  • Group sessions are critical in diffusing change among group members.
  • Activism involving community members is key in diffusing attitudinal and behavioural change from groups to the community.
  • Presence of NGOs is necessary to achieve positive results in addressing spousal violence.