Integrating IPV and HIV prevention: Impacts of the SHARE Intervention in Uganda
This study evaluated the Safe Homes and Respect for Everyone (SHARE) intervention, a multi-component IPV and HIV prevention program integrated into the Rakai Health Sciences Program (RHSP), an established HIV research and service organisation in rural Uganda.
The study found that between 2005 and 2009, SHARE reduced the prevalence of women reporting past year physical IPV by 4 % percentage points in intervention communities – a risk reduction of 21% – and reduced past year sexual IPV by 3 percentage points, a risk reduction of 20%. SHARE had no effect on emotional IPV or on men’s reports of IPV perpetration.
The SHARE intervention was also associated with a 33% reduction in HIV incidence during the intervention period (at 35 months), and increased levels of HIV disclosure among both women and men. Declines in new HIV infections were not maintained after SHARE ended, suggesting that continued community activities and effort might be needed to sustain the effect.