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EvidenceEvidence Syntheses
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Dominic Chavez / World Bank

Harmful Connections: Examining the Relationship between Violence Against Women and Violence Against Children in the South Pacific

This is a review of literature about the connection between violence against women (VAW) and violence against children (VAC) in the South Pacific Island countries. It consolidates existing evidence from studies on the intersections between VAW and VAC and focuses specifically on Fiji, Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Island, Tonga and Vanuatu.

The review provides the following conclusions:

  1. Preventing violence from taking place in the first place can break the cycle of discrimination and negative social norms that perpetuate human rights violations.
  2. Violence against children can take many forms (physical, sexual, emotional and verbal), and violence can affect children in direct and indirect ways (for example, witnessing domestic violence between parents).
  3. Violence against children is typically perpetrated by those entrusted with their care: parents or other family members, teachers, even law enforcement officials, etc.
  4. Violence can affect children’s health and well-being on many different levels—physical, psychological, social and emotional.
  5. There is a strong correlation between violence perpetrated against children and violence perpetrated against adults in the home.
  6. Violence against women and children is symptomatic of wider gender inequality in society, and in laws and policies.